Mild menstrual cramps usually come and go during the menstruation cycle. In order to seek period cramps relief, people use simple therapies such as over-the-counter medication, heating pads, or following a typical period diet plan.
Some people experience menstrual cramps due to a medical condition and may not gain menstrual cramps relief by using basic remedies. In this scenario, you would need to see a general practitioner or gynecologist.
By identifying the true cause of the period pain, your doctor can ensure PMS cramps relief. Apart from relieving you from pain, the physical examination also allows your doctor to make sure there are no complications.
It is highly recommended to see your doctor if you experience any kind of irregularity or severity regarding period cramps.
Type of Dysmenorrhea
Dysmenorrhea is the medical term for experiencing period pain. There are two types: primary and secondary dysmenorrhea.
Almost 50% of the women experience this type of period pain during their menstruation cycles. The condition usually continues for one or two days after the period start. This type of menstrual cramping is somewhat common.
The main cause of primary dysmenorrhea is the release of prostaglandin within the uterus lining. This is a kind of chemical or hormone-like substance that causes the uterus to cramp. The sensation of pain is similar to that of labor pain.
Due to the increase of prostaglandin within the uterus, people usually experience period cramping on the day before or after the menstrual cycle. When the bleeding starts as the uterus sheds its lining, the prostaglandin level lowers. With this, the cramping also stops and people feel period pain relief.
People can use home remedies for menstrual cramps, which usually works for primary dysmenorrhea. If the cause of period pain is a medical condition, visiting a doctor is the most viable option.
Unlike primary dysmenorrhea, an increase in prostaglandin isn’t the only cause of period pain. It can also be a medical condition, including:
- Uterine fibroids.
This kind of period cramp is relatively different from primary dysmenorrhea, as it usually starts when one is middle-aged. In addition, the pain felt during the menstrual cycle is worse and continues to worsen with age.
Furthermore, the pain of secondary dysmenorrhea can last for more than three days. In this situation, you must visit your doctor and receive a prescription, which is important for menstrual cramps relief.
A Doctor Evaluates the True Cause
The first thing that a doctor will do is evaluate the main cause of the menstrual cramps. They will perform a physical examination, including that of the pelvic area, and ask you about your medical history.
This can involve an ultrasound examination to analyze your reproductive organs, such as the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. This helps detect any abnormality associated with fibroids. It is very rare that your doctor may suggest surgery.
The doctor may also do a pregnancy test, as the cramping and bleeding may relate to ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage.
In the case of primary dysmenorrhea, the doctor will usually prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen. This type of medication can prove helpful while seeking PMS cramp relief, as they reduce the level of prostaglandin in the body.
When it comes to secondary dysmenorrhea, the doctor will first identify the cause of menstrual cramps and then treat the underlying condition to offer period pain relief.
If the patient is suffering from endometriosis, the doctor may prescribe hormonal birth control treatment. On the other hand, if the period cramps are due to fibroids, you can achieve PMS relief through surgery.
If you are experiencing period pain, the best option is to consult with your doctor, as only they can identify whether you are dealing with primary or secondary dysmenorrhea. If the menstrual cramps are due to a high level of prostaglandin, your doctor will suggest an over-the-counter pain reliever.
If the period cramp relates to any other issue, your GP will identify the cause and treat it accordingly. This will allow you to gain menstrual cramps relief after using the prescribed medicine.